英語中主動形式表示被動意義:

1. wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive…
 例:The book sells well. 這本書銷路好。
   This knife cuts easily. 這刀子很好用。

2. blame, remain, keep, rent, build
 例:I was to blame for the accident.
   Much work remains.

3. 在need, require, want, worth (形容詞), deserve后的動名詞必須用主動形式。
 例:The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.
   This room needs cleaning. 這房間應該打掃一下。
   This book is worth reading. 這本書值得一讀。

4. 特殊結構:make sb. heard / understood (使別人能聽見/理解自己)...

被動形式表示主動意義:

1. be determined, be pleased, be graduated (from), be finished, be prepared (for), be occupied (in), get marries
 例:He is graduated from a famous university.
   他畢業於一所有名的大學。

2. 注意: 表示同某人結婚,用marry sb. 或get married to sb. 都可。
 例:He married a rich girl.
   He got married to a rich girl.

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