do和make的用法和區別~#四六級、考研英語精華#

1. do可以用來表達做家務

動詞do可以用來表達完成一些日常的活動或或工作。注意,這些活動通常都是沒有產出具體實物的活動。

•do homework - I usually do my homework after dinner.
做家庭作業——我總是晚飯後做家庭作業。
•do housework - Both my mother and father do the housework.
做家務——我爸媽都做家務。
•do the ironing - I like to do the ironing while I watch TV.
熨燙——我喜歡邊看電視邊熨衣服。
•do the dishes - It's my job to do the dishes after dinner every evening.
洗碗——每晚吃完晚飯後,洗碗是我的任務。
•do a job - Tom does a few jobs around the house.
幹活——湯姆做家務。

2. do可以和一般的想法進行搭配

當談到一般的事物時,可以用動詞do。換句話說,就是我們不會對一個活動進行準確的命名的時候。這個形式經常與詞語something、nothing、anything、everything等搭配。

•Do something / anything -I'm not doing anything today.
做事——我今天一天無所事事。
•Do everything for someone - He does everything for his mother.
為某人做人做所有的事——他為了母親什麼都做。
•Do nothing - She's doing nothing at the moment.
什麼都不做——此刻她什麼也沒有做。

3. 關於do的重要表達

這裡有一些關於動詞do的標準表達。他們都是英語中的標準搭配。

•do one's best - They did their best last weekend.
竭盡全力——上個星期,他們竭盡全力了。
•do good - A trip in the country will do you good.
對······有好處——在這個國家的旅遊會對你有好處的。
•do harm - Smoking does harm to your health.
對······有危害——吸煙對你的健康有害。
•do a favor - Can you do me a favor?
幫助——你能幫我個忙嗎?
•do business - We do business in countries around the world.
經商——我們在世界各地都做著生意。

make用來表達構造、建立和創造的意思

1. make可以用來表達創造出可以觸碰的實物的活動。

•make food - Let's make hamburgers this evening.
製作食物——今晚做漢堡吧。
•make a cup of / some tea / coffee - I made a cup of tea. Would you like some?
製作一杯/幾杯茶/咖啡——我泡了杯茶,要來點嗎?
•make a mess - Look at the mess you made!
製造混亂——看看你製造的混亂!
make可以與表金錢類的詞搭配

Make經常與和金錢有關的短語進行搭配。

•make money - Jennifer makes a lot of money at her job.
賺錢——詹妮弗工作賺了很多錢。
•make a profit - She made a huge profit off the last deal.
盈利——她最後一筆交易賺了一大筆錢。
•make a deal - We made a two year deal.
達成交易——我們達成了一個為期兩年的交易。
•make a fortune - I think he'll make a fortune. He's really smart.
賺大錢——我覺得他會發財的,他真的很聰明。

2. 關於make的重要表達:

這裡有一些關於動詞make的標準表達。在許多情形下,使用動詞do顯的更恰當。這裡是一些標準的搭配。

•make plans - I've made plans for the weekend.
製作計劃——我已經制定了這周末的計劃。
•make an exception - I'll make an exception to the rule for you.
破例——我會為了你破一次例。
•make arrangements - We've made arrangements for next week.
作安排——我們已經做好下周的安排了。
•make a telephone call Let me make a telephone call.
打電話——讓我打個電話。
•make a decision - I need you to make a decision by Monday.
做決定——周一我需要你做個決定。
•make a mistake - Susan made a mistake on the report.
犯錯誤——蘇珊的報告出了錯。
•make noise - The children are making too much noise.
製造噪音——孩子們太吵了。
•make an excuse - Tell me the truth. Don't make an excuse.
找借口——告訴我事實。別找借口了。
•make an effort - I'd like you to make an effort next time.
作出努力——下次我希望你能付出努力。

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