【60個常見的熟詞僻義】牢固掌握一詞多義或一詞多性,及時擴充你的詞彙量~

1.absent adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的,恍惚的
She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way.

2.ache v.& n.疼痛→v.渴望
Having left for ages,he was aching(渴望)for home.

3.address n.地址 v.寫地址→vt.發表演說
The president will address(發表演說)his speech at 3:00 pm.

4.against prep.逆著,反對;倚,靠;碰→prep.以...為背景
The picture looks nice against(以...為背景)the white wall.

5.attend v.出席;參加→v.看護;治療;陪同
The nurse attended(看護)to him day and night.

6.blank adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.沒表情的;空虛的;沒興趣的
The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(沒表情的)look.

7.blue adj.& n.藍色→adj.憂傷的
His songs always make me feel blue(憂傷的).

8.build vt.建築,建造→v.逐漸增強 n.體格,體形,身材
One should receive training to build(逐漸增強)up one's confidence.You're right,Josh. He may have a small build(身材)

9.cause vt.促使,引起→n.原因,起因;事業,目標
Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事業).

10.cloudy adj.陰的,多雲的→adj.不明朗的,不清晰的
Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的).

11.coach n.教練→v.輔導,指導
She coached(指導)me in playing football.

12.count n.& v.計算,數→vi.有價值,重要
It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要).

13.course n.課程;過程→n.一道菜
The courses(菜譜)vary with seasons.

14.coverv.覆蓋→v.行走(一段路程);足以支付,夠付;採訪n.書刊封面,封面
1)Motor-cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour.
2)To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time.

15.cross v.跨越,橫穿n.十字→adj.生氣的
Don't be cross(生氣的)with him—after all,he is a child.

16.desert n.沙漠→v.拋棄,離棄
He deserted(拋棄)his wife and children and went abroad.

17.deal vi.處理,解決→n.交易
Having been cheated in a business deal(交易),he was reduced to nothing.

18.develop v.發展;開發;研製→v.沖印
Did you have the films developed(沖印)?

19.drive v.駕駛→v.迫使(某人做不好的事)
Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal.

20.express v.表達→n.快遞
Is there an express(快車)from Nanjing to Shanghai?

21.encourage vt.鼓勵;激勵→v.促進,助長,刺激
Good health encourages(促進)clear thinking.

22.escape v.逃跑;逃脫→v.被忘掉;被忽視
The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment.

23.explode v.爆炸;爆裂→v.勃然大怒;大發雷霆
I'm about to explode(勃然大怒)!He broke his promise again.

24.exploit v.開發;開採;剝削→v.利用
You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English.

25.fail vi.失敗→vi.(健康)衰退,變弱
William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail(變弱).

26.foreign adj.外國的→adj.不熟悉的
The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us.

27.freeze vi.結冰,(使)凍結→v.驚呆,嚇呆
Grandfather froze(嚇呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job?

28.fresh adj.新鮮的→adj.無經驗的
She is quite fresh(無經驗的)to the work.

29.ground n.地面→n.理由
He has strong grounds(理由)for more money.

30.govern v.管理;控制→vt.影響;支配
The law of supply and demand governs(影響)the prices of goods.

31.help vt.幫助→vi.避免,防止,起作用
Try not to cough more than you can help(避免,防止)since it may cause problems to your lungs.

32.hit v.擊中,打擊→n.成功;紅極一時的人或事
Tuhao is quite a hit(風行一時的事物)of this year.

33.ill adj.生病的→adj./adv.壞的/地
1)It's no good speaking ill(壞地)of others.
2)She had brought ill (壞的)luck into her family.

34.interest n.興趣→n.利益;股份
Our family has interests(利益) in the business.

35.inspire v.激勵;鼓舞→v.啟發
His best music was inspired(啟發) by the memory of his mother.

36.jump v.& n.跳→n.& v.大幅度上漲
Last week the price of goods jumped(大幅度上漲).

37.kill v.殺死,弄死→v.消磨或打發(時間)
How does the man kill(打發時間)time?

38.last adj.最後的→adj.最不可能的
He is the last(最不可能的)man I want to see.

39.match n.火柴,旗鼓相當的人→vt.般配,與…匹配
She matched(匹配)the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour.

40.mean v.打算;意味著→adj.小氣的,吝嗇的 means n.方式,方法
1)He is too mean(吝嗇的)to make a donation.
2)In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means(方式)of transportation.

41.measure n.措施,方法→v.估量,判定(重要性、價值或影響等)
It's hard to measure(判定) his ability when we haven't seen his work.

42.narrow adj.狹窄的→vt.縮小,使變窄
Parents and children should communicate more to narrow (使變窄,縮小) the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.

43.nurse n.護士,保姆→v.看護,照料(病人或傷者)
For two days he was nursed(照料)by his mother.

44.note n.筆記→v.注意,特別指出,提及
I noted(注意到)that her hands were dirty.

45.open v.開adj.開著的,打開的→adj.(問題、議事等)未解決的
They left the matter open(未解決的).

46.operate vi.機器運轉工作;做手術→vi.起作用
The medicine operated(起作用)quickly.

47.position n.位置;職位→n.立場;觀點
What's your position(觀點)on the problem?

48.promise v.& n.許諾→v.有……的希望;使……有可能
The dark clouds promise(使……有可能)rain.

49.read v.閱讀→v.理解;領會
I didn't read(領會)mother's thoughts at that time.

50.say vt.說→vt.假定,顯示,表明
Say(假定)that war breaks out, what will you do?

51.shoulder n.肩膀→v.承擔
Young people should learn to shoulder(承擔)the blame.

52.solid adj.固定的,堅硬的→adj.可靠的,可信賴的
The research lacks solid(可靠的)evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful.

53.strength n.力,力量,體力→n.長處,強項
A basketball coach must know the strengths(長處)and weaknesses of his players.

54.taste v.品嘗,嘗出……味道→n.味道,鑒賞力,愛好
While she was in Paris, she developed a taste(愛好)for fine art.

55.sign n.符號,記號→n.跡象,預兆 v.簽字,簽署
1)Bearing responsibility for his mistakes is a sign(徵兆)of a man's maturity.
2)Therefore, students should be advised to sign(簽字)up as soon as possible.

56.stand v.站,站立,直立→v.忍受 n.貨攤
1)The author could not stand(忍受)living in a wooden house.
2)I found the fish stand(貨攤)surrounded in a sea of customers.

57.store n.(大型)百貨商店→v.& n.貯藏,貯存,保存
Although dams can be built to store(貯存)water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons.

58.treat vt.以…態度對待→vt.治療,醫治 v.&n.款待,招待
1)The doctor is skilled at treating(治療)heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good reputation.
2)Let's go out for lunch—my treat(款待).

59.walk v.& n.行走;步行→n.行業
This society welcomes people from all walks(行業)of life.

60.wear v.穿,戴→v.面帶,流露;留(發,須等)
I can still remember he was always wearing(面帶)a smile and willing to help.

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