英語寫作圖表題實用表達短語:
1、see an upward trend 呈現出上升的趨勢
The housing market saw an upward trend in 2003.
房地產市場在2003年呈現出了上升的趨勢。
反義:witness a downward trend 呈現出下降的趨勢
The prices of consumer goods witnessed a downward trend.
消費品的價格呈現出下降的趨勢。
2、rocket to... 急速上升至……

The petrol price (汽油價格)rocketed to a record high.
汽油價格急速飛升到了歷史最高紀錄。

近義:soar to... 飛速上升至

The rate of heart disease soared to 79 per 1,000 people.

peak at... 在某位置到達最高點

The figures show that the unemployment rate peaked at 9.8% in October.
數據顯示失業率在十月份達到了最高點9.

3、a slump 下挫

There was a slump in the demand for new cars in 2007.
對於新車的需求在2007年有所下挫。

近義:a decline 下降

There was a substantial decline in the unemployment rate. 失業率有了顯著的下降。

4、plummet to… 驟降至

That number rose to 3,900 by 2004 and then plummeted to 760 by 2008.
這個數字在2004年達到了 3900,然後到了 2008年卻陡然驟降到760。

近義:drop swiftly to... 快速下降至…

The number of full-time jobs generated by the retail industry dropped swiftly to 14,000.
零售業所提供的全職崗位數量驟降至14000。

反義:go up steeply to… 迅速升至…

Then the interest rate went up steeply to 4.2%.然後利率迅速升至4.2%。

5、bottom out 降至最低點

The expert claimed that the recession had bottomed out.

近義:drop to its lowest level 降至最低點

Inflation dropped to its lowest level in five years.通貨膨脹率降到了近5年來的最低點。

6、reach a plateau 進入平穩狀態

By 2002, this improvement had reached a plateau.
到了 2002年,這種上升勢頭開始進入了一個平穩的階段。

近義:level out (at... ) / maintain the same level /remain stable 維持在(某個水平上)

反義:fluctuate around... / fluctuate between...and…

Their total leisure time per week fluctuated between 22 hours and 35 hours.
他們每周的空閑時間在22個小時到35個小時間上下波動。

7、...is predicted. 某現象很可能將出現

A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2020 and 2025.
到2020年至2025年期間可能會出現一個戲劇性的增長。

近義:…is anticipated. 某現象預期將發生

A hike (n. 上升)in the oil price is anticipated.石油價格預期將會增長。

8、exceed... 超過.

The energy available exceeded the energy demand from the late 1960s to the early 1980s.從60年代末到80年代初期,能源一直是供大於求的。

近義:surpass... 超過

The growth rate of Molosop is expected to surpass that of Densaunt by 2035.
Molosop的增長率被預測在2035年將超過Densaunt的增長率。

9、be composed of … 由…組成

Team A was composed of five staff members.
A組是由5名隊員組成的。

近義:consist of... 由…構成

System B consists of six components.B系統是由6個元件組成的。

10、in inverse proportion to... 成反比地

The amount of money people save increases in inverse proportion to the amount they spend.人們省下的錢和他們花出的錢呈反比上升。

反義:in proportion to... 成正比地

The amount of energy consumed in this factory is in proportion to its number of products.
這家工廠消耗的能源和它生產的產品數量成正比。

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